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Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment Best Answer

Dear students, Your Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment has been Given. Today’s article for you is about the role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization.

Subject: The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization

All the students studying in the ninth grade of the 2021 academic year who have selected the humanities department have been assigned an assignment from Bangladesh’s history and world civilization textbook in the Nawab week.

Assignments for the sixth week of ninth grade The first assignment on the history and world civilization of Bangladesh for the students of this humanities department was a report on the socio-economic condition of both societies by collecting information and pictures about the contribution of Egyptian and Indus civilizations to the progress of world civilization.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

In the ninth week, the second assignment of the history and world civilization textbook of Bangladesh for the students of the humanities department has been taken from the world civilization (Egypt, Indus, Greek, and Roman). The second assignment for the students on the history and world civilization of Bangladesh was mentioned in detail.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment
Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th week

Category: IX, Category: Humanities, Subject: History and World Civilization of Bangladesh, Assignment No-2

Assignment: Write a 250-300 word report entitled ‘The Role of Greek and Roman Civilization in the Development of World Civilization.

Instructions

  1. Any book on the history of civilization, including Wikipedia and Banglapedia, can be used.
  2. The report can be compiled by collecting information pictures of the two civilizations with the help of various magazines, books, Google, and YouTube.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment Answer 2021

Following the assessment rubrics are given in the assignment, an exact sample answer of the third assignment of the Bangladesh History and World Civilization textbook has been prepared for you in the ninth week. You can follow the solution of the assignment to get the highest number of assessments.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization

বিশ্ব সভ্যতা বিকাশে গ্রিক ও রোমান সভ্যতার ভূমিকা

Introduction:
From the beginning of the creation of the world, human civilization has reached this stage. And because of this, the development of human civilization has taken place in different parts of the world at other times. About 10 thousand years ago, the society based on the hunter-gatherer society originated. Only six to seven thousand years ago created urban civilization.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

As a result of the development of agrarian society, human society was divided into agrarian, animal husbandry, and hunter. As a result, peasants and pastoralist societies began to invent various advanced techniques, and people started to settle in the villages permanently. Is enabled. And one after another, these discoveries took place in West Asia, the Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, and adjoining North Africa. This led to the emergence and development of Mesopotamia in Western Asia, the Lower Balkans in Eastern Europe, and Egypt’s first urban civilization. Modern human society is indebted to all these civilizations.

Greek civilization

Origin of Greek Civilization:
Greek civilization originated in some of the oldest cities in the Greek state of Europe. Geography has divided the country into three parts, southern Greece, central Greece, and northern Greece. Under Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great, civilization spread beyond modern Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and India to India. In Egypt, on the other hand, the Babylonian civilization was riverine.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Political history of the Greeks
Slavery is a feature of ancient Greek society. No other society was built on the foundation of slavery before the Greeks. The Greeks were not originally from Greece. Before coming to Greece, they lived in Thessaly and Epirus.

By reviewing the political condition of Greek civilization from its inception to its fall, it can be divided into two parts, namely:

  1. Hellenic era,
  2. Hellenistic era

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Hellenic civilization

Two levels of Greek civilization can be observed. The first level is Hellenic civilization, and the second level is Hellenistic civilization. The Greeks called them ‘Hellas.’ Hence the Hellenic age of Greek culture. Athens was the main center of this civilization, centered only on the Greek peninsula. The Hellenic period lasted from 2000 BC to 338 BC. Then a new Macedonian-centered society was formed by King Philip. Under the leadership of Alexander, the son of King Phillips, the Greeks built vast empires in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Hellenistic era is the civilization that was later created by mixing the Greek education culture with the outside culture.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization

Greek philosophy and culture

In the history of world civilization, Greek philosophy has influenced world philosophy and society. Socrates is one of the most famous Greek poets in the world of knowledge. Of particular note is Plato, the student of Socrates, and Aristotle, the student of Plato. Greek philosophers enriched the world of reasoning, interpretation, and philosophy. Socrates, one of the leading philosophers in Greek philosophy, died of poisoning at the behest of the ruler.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

\His famous quote is ‘Know yourself.’ His disciples Plato and Plato’s disciple Aristotle were the most famous philosophers of all time. Plato’s favorite books include the Symposium Republic and Lodge. Aristotle’s famous books are Logic, Physics, and Politics. Opinions on politics and democracy have been expressed in the texts of politics. Plato’s famous book The Republic. And the world conqueror Alexander himself was a philosopher and a wise man. His teacher was the philosopher Plato.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Greek literature

The final development of Greek literature took place during the Homer era. Although discussing Homer’s literature

Done. Homer’s epic Iliad and Odyssey tell the story of Greek heroism. After the Homeric era, lyric poetry and mourning ballads appeared in Greek society. All these mourning songs contain details of personal love stories. Solon was a famous lyricist. Besides, famous playwrights were Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, etc.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Greek History:

The English word for history is history, which is a Greek word. The father of history was the famous Greek historian Herodotus (484-425 BC). He traveled to Egypt, Persia, and Italy to collect various elements and information of history. Also, a man named Jennifer became famous for his history.

(Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment)

Greek Science:

Even in the Hellenistic era, extraordinary progress was made in the pursuit of science. At that time, Polybius, in the study of history, Aristotle and Hipparchus in astronomy, Pythagoras, and Euclid, famous in mathematics, gained fame in the practice of science.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment

Origin of Roman civilization

The contemporary Roman civilization of Greek civilization has adopted many cultures of Hellenic and Hellenistic societies. Historians believe that the city of Rome was founded in 753 BC. The city of Rome is named after King Romulus. The ancient Roman town on the banks of the river Tiber is called the ‘capital of the world.’ Because Romania had extensive contacts in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The influence of Romeo society and culture extended as far north as Britain, Germany, Mesopotamia in the east, and Egypt and Libya in the south, including the Mediterranean region.

Roman history

Historians divide the history of Roman civilization into several periods:

  1. The monarchy era (653-510 BC)
  2. The republic era (510 to 60 BC)
  3. The first consulate era (60-31 BC)
  4. Emperor Octavian 1 -14)
  5. Augustan to the next Roman Empire (14-485 AD)

The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization

Augustan era

Many famous rulers, including Julius Caesar (Caesar, the title of the Roman emperors), were rulers of the Roman Empire. But Emperor Octavian Augustus (31-14 BC) was the most famous ruler in history. Romeo reached the final stage of studying history, literature, culture, art, and science during his time. His reign marked the beginning of the golden age of Romeo civilization. This is why his period of history is called the Augustan era.

(Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment)

The Romans’ contribution to science: –

Romeo Literature

In every branch of literature, the Romans wrote in imitation of the Greeks. Plutarch (254-184 BC) sheds light on Roman behavior and culture through 12 plays. The role of drama in Romeo literature was significant. The lyricist Catulus was very popular. Cicero and Virgil also made a name for themselves in literature.

(Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment)

Roman religion

Their home was the arena of religion and gods. In each house, there was a guardian deity named Jesus. Besides, Vesta was the god of fire, Sartan was the god of crops, Juno was the god of conception, Neptune was the god of the sea, Venus was the god of love, Jupiter was the god of the sky. According to Pandit Varo, the Romans had 20,000 gods and goddesses. The days of the week are named after the house, and the 25th of December is celebrated as the birthday of the god Savior.

Roman philosophy

The Romans could not be free from Greek influence in philosophy either. (Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment) The beginnings of Roman philosophy were based on Greek philosophy. The contribution of Roman philosophers to world civilization is immense. Keto, better known as Socrates of the West, was an early Roman philosopher. According to him, Roman civilization, not Greek civilization, would dominate the civilized world. He was a fan of Socrates’ reasoning and moral discipline.

The fall of the Roman Empire

By the end of the second century BC, Italian farmers had disappeared in Rome and other big cities, the proletariat crowds. The slave owners of Rome proudly said that the power of Rome was eternal. (Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment). The massive army of their powerful guards is invincible, but that power did not last long. The Germans and the Persians occupied the provinces of the Roman Empire. Those who have enslaved others for centuries are now enslaved.

Conclusion
The modern world is indebted to Greek civilization in many ways. Athens has played a leading role in political advancement. Greek civilization is a testament to the state’s well-being, given the opportunity to express one’s views in public. Besides, the contribution of Greeks in the field of philosophy, sculpture, etc., is immortal. No matter how many civilizations the world has climbed to the golden peak, one must go to Greek civilization searching for roots. The Summer Olympics have been adopted directly by the modern world.

Class 9 History of Bangladesh and World Civilization 9th Week Assignment


In the same way, the artistic thinking of various elements of Roman civilization and culture has not disappeared even today. Roman literature played an important role in the revival of knowledge in medieval Europe. In this way, Roman civilization penetrated all the East and the West in various ways. Overall, the Romans’ contribution to civilization was significant.

This was your ninth-grade 9th-week assignment 2021, the answer to the history and world civilization of Bangladesh.

The role of Greek and Roman civilizations in the development of world civilization

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